Hyperopia

Hyperopia, or farsightedness, is a refractive error, which means the eye does not bend or
refract light properly.  It is an eye focusing disorder, not an eye disease.  Hyperopia occurs
when the eye is shorter than normal or has a cornea, or clear front window of the eye, that is
too flat.  As a result, light rays focus beyond the retina instead of on it.  Generally, this allows
you to see distant objects somewhat clearly but near objects will appear more blurred.  People
experience hyperopia differently.  Some people may not notice any problems with their vision,
especially when they are young.  For people with significant hyperopia, vision can be blurry for
objects at any distance, near or far.  Like myopia or nearsightedness, farsightedness is usually
inherited.  Most children are farsighted, yet they do not experience blurry vision.  With focusing
(accommodation), children's eyes are able to bend the light rays and place them directly on
the retina.  As long as the farsightedness is not too severe, hyperopic children will have clear
vision for seeing objects at a distance and up close.  As the eye grows and becomes longer,
hyperopia lessens.  When a person experiences blurred vision with hyperopia, it is generally
treated with glasses or contact lenses, but it may also be treated surgically in patients who are
good candidates.

An Ophthalmologist is a medical doctor who is trained in traditional medical school and then in a residency focused on diseases of the eye and all types of surgical procedures for the eyes and eyelids. Ophthalmologists have the ability to provide total eye care. Optometrists are trained through specialized schools in the diagnosis and treatment of all types of vision and refractive problems of the eye, such as nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism, and are also trained to fit glasses and contact lenses and to prescribe aids for low vision, such as glasses and contact lenses.


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